Biography of Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily was born in 1941 during his father’s residence in the city of Samarra in the shadow of two holy shrines of Imam Hadi and Imam Hassan Askari (peace be upon them).

Due to knowledge and virtue of his father, he started reading and writing at the age of five. He officially began seminary religious courses at the Samarra Mirza Shirazi Theology School at the age of ten. Afterwards, he moved to the most reputable and famous Shia seminary school in the city of Najaf where sacred shrine of first Shia Imam Ali (peace be upon him) is located. During his studies, he participated in the lectures of following Grand Ayatollahs:

-Ayatollah Mirza Ahmad Tabrizi (may Allah have mercy on him)

-Ayatollah Muhammad Davari Isfahani (may Allah have mercy on him)

-Ayatollah Mirza Ali Tabrizi Gharawi (may Allah have mercy on him)

-Ayatollah Hajji Sheikh Mujtaba Lankrani (may Allah have mercy on him)

-Grand Ayatollah Mirza Baqer Zanjani (may Allah have mercy on him)

-Imam Khomeini (may Allah have mercy on him)

-Grand Ayatollah Hajji Sayyed Abu-Al-Qasim Khoei (may Allah have mercy on him)

When he spent holy month of Ramadan in Lebanon for promotional mission of Shia Muslims in the Teminin al-Takta village, consequently, the people of the village signed a petition to the Grand Ayatollah Sayyed Mohsen Hakim (may Allah have mercy on him) in Najaf, requesting that they do not have a cleric in this area and demanded to assign him as a cleric for their town, thus Grand Ayatollah Hakim accepted.

He served about eight years in Lebanon which were coincided by Imam Musa Sadr. He continued his political and social activities in Lebanon and seven other foreign countries such as Egypt, Pakistan and other countries He migrated to Iran and settled in Qom in 1978, where he has been teaching in many schools and classes for men and women. He also wrote many articles and books and the most prominent area of his expertise is mysticism (Irfan). His teacher in the area of Irfan was Sayyed Hashem Haddad a mystic of 14th century and a great disciple and spiritual successor of Sayyed Ali Qadi the most famous Shia mystic.

Biography of Ayatollah Hassan Komeily (The father of Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily)

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily was born in a spiritual family. His father was Hojat al-Islam Hassan Komeily who was born in Mashhad. Hassan Komeily became a cleric and he was famous for his Friday eve Suplication of Kumayl, which made people name him Komeily. As a result of a Policy by Reza Shah (secular king of Iran) to uniform Iranian clergymen, he was forced to migrate to Iraq and resided in the Najaf and Samarra. He continued his religious studies in reputable theology schools of both cities. Finally, he returned to Mashhad due to Saddam (the dictator of Iraq) pressures on Iranian citizens in Iraq. He passed away in 1977 and buried in Khajeh Rabie shrine in Mashhad where a big crowd specially clergymen attended his funeral ceremony.

Biography of Sayyed Hashem Haddad (The Spiritual Master of Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily)

Sayyed Hassan the grandfather of Sayyed Hashem Haddad departed from India to Karbala. Where he was born and died. He was a blacksmith (Haddad in Arabic means blacksmith or farrier) and he lived a poor life. He never asked anyone anything and even would share whatever he had with the needy. It has been said that he did not react to one of his relatives who wanted to disturb him and let him empty himself because he was able to control himself to not react in anger and this made him progressive in Irfan. Generally, he used to not talk a lot. He was interested in the poems of Bin Ibne Farid and read them. Poems of Bin Ibne Farid in love and monotheism are similar to poems of Hafez in Persian.

Haddad began his education in Karbala and went to Najaf to continue his education. He took a room in the Hindi school and it was there that he found Sayyed Ali Qadi Tabatabaei the most famous Shia mystic and associated with him for 28 years in Karbala and Najaf. He studied in Karbala and Najaf but he did not wear the dress of clergymen. Finally, He passed away in Karbala during the holy month of Ramadan 1984 and was buried in Wadi al-Safa Cemetery.

The Fiftieth subject: The memories of the master

In the final subject I would speak of some memories of the master who opened the door of mysticism to my heart in order to repay some of the rights that my master Seyyed Hâshim Haddâd (PBUH) has given me and also because this will be a way that mystical travelers can follow. He (PBUH) always was in an ecstatic absorption of God. He used to have nocturnal orisons of ritual prayer, reflection and invocation of God. He was kind and affectionate toward his spiritual disciples. He had forbearance and leniency with them and he considered them as his real children. When we prayed behind him it caused our souls to fly in the real sky of love and mysticism. He used to sit with us with humility. Sitting with him caused any sadness and sorrow in your heart to be changed to calmness, peace and stillness. He had a spiritual attraction and held sway in the souls of his spiritual disciples. No one knew him except those who knew mysticism. He had self-observation, a divine presence and a deep heavenly luminosity in the profound depths of his heart. His master Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Ghâzi (PBUH) told him “O Seyyed Hâshim! There will come a day on which groups of people from different parts of the world will kiss the threshold of your home.

The author says this fact happens these days and it is growing day by day, I myself when I had been ennobled to Karbala saw people who were asking for the address of his noble tomb which is in Wadi al-Salam cemetery and they were looking for the house of Haddâd (PBUH) which is actually located in the street of Abbas (PBUH) in the front of the town hall.

At the end of the texts I will recall my master with poems of Ibn Farid:

I watch your beauty in detail, so it is enjoyable my submission and servility to you in love.
And I miss your home where you are, and if you would not be, I would not appetite for the reminiscence of a residence.
How many nights I have passed enjoying life but the observer is alone.

And my regular drink was (spiritual)wine, and my beloved was my companion giving me cups of joy.
And I have achieved more than what I hoped for. O, how great it would be if this lasts for me.
He who does not know the meaning of love reproaches me, how it is possible to compare the states of he who is madly in love with another who is free from love.
So leave me alone with the one whom I love because the jelous one died and the observer became hidden in upon my arrival.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)
Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Forty-ninth subject: The tolerance for bother

Not only are good things a blessing for us; even bad things are a blessing too. For instance someone comes to bother you by swearing and bad-mouthing you, your heart will break and in this moment the divine address comes that “I (God) am present in broken hearts”. Therefore the one with the bad behavior caused you to become closer to God through invocation and supplication to God. Whereas you would have been angry towards someone who swore and bothered you but if you look into your luminous inside and conscience you will admit because of this event you have to be grateful for this blessing, and God likes those who are grateful. Although it does not mean we always have to accept oppression in all cases.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)Al-Matalib al-solokieh

The Forty-eighth Subject: The Contentment and Complaint

Firstly, we must know there is a difference between having approval for what it is done and being contented with the decree of God. So you, oh mystical traveler, may you be content in your heart with the decree of God but you may also ask the glorified God to solve what happens to you. Patience in God’s decree means one must prevent oneself from sharing his complaints with others but not telling God. Thus, we see which prophet Job (Ayyub, PBUH) says his complaints to God: O God! Indeed, adversity has touched me, and you are the Most Merciful of the merciful. God put Job (PBUH) in calamity in order that he turns towards God and asks him to eliminate his difficulties and pains. We also see the prophet Jacob (PBUH) that in the separation of his son Joseph (PBUH), says: I only complain of my suffering and my grief to God. If this act was opposite of the state of contentment and patience he never did it. It is said that one day a mystic did not have anything for removal his hunger so he cried. One who did not have such a mystic perception so blamed him: “Why are you crying?!” The mystic told him: ((God made me hungry in order that I cry and ask him for the removal of my hunger)).

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Forty-seven Subject: The fast way to change the soul’s states

Changing bad characters to good characters will happen by choosing the virtue exactly opposite of the vice for each one. In the same way which doctors sometimes follow this rule to treat their patients. For instance, for some bad characters the following can help; stinginess will be changed by generosity, anger by patience and bearing difficulties and stifling anger, cupidity by self-denial, gluttony by less eating and hunger, libido by abstinence and diligence, and other characters and states will be treated in the same way. Change in this way for a mystical traveler takes a long time and might not be changed completely from the root. Therefore the best and fastest way of changing is setting the dominance of divine love on your heart, building the fire of love (towards God), burning vices by constant self-observation and demanding the effusion of blessing and spiritual light. Like this, the purity of the heart and worshiping with the base of God divinity for a mystical traveler will happen; there will be nothing left except that which satisfies God and anything that is disapproved and abhorred by God will be purged from him.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Forty-sixth Subject: Reading Mystical Books

Indeed, using mystical books which are written in a proper way, and even those which have not complied properly, is useful for a mystical traveler who has the ability to distinguish between correct and wrongful ones. Especially, when he does not have a mystical master or when he is far away from his master. Specifically, in a state of the dominance of love or a state of contraction and grief. We will mention the benefits below.

1. It will cause the heart to be firm and the soul to be luminous, so it will increase the patience and determination of a mystical traveler. The glorified God uttered: And with each[story] We relate to you from the news of the messengers We make firm your heart.

2. Reading the words of mystics and talking about their states will increase the affection of a mystical traveler towards the saints and the righteous. Thus he will grow spiritually. By paying attention to the saying and narrating below, the importance of such friendship with God’s saints will be clear. Some mystics uttered: No nearness is closer than friendship and amicability and no distance is farther than enmity and antagonism. They said: Friendship is one of the two kinds of nearness(another one is kinship). Our sir Imam Sadiq(PBUH) uttered: The day-long friendship is considered a relationship,
the month-long friendship is considered a linkage, the year-long friendship is considered an affinity, and that kind of connection should not be broken up, indeed God will end His attention and connection with anybody who ends their affinity for someone.

3. Reading such books will allow a mystical traveler to acquire assistance for his soul from the spirits, narratives and the stories of mystics. It will open the inner knots of a mystical traveler. And it will give him spiritual composure after the difficulties and calamities he faced in the spiritual wayfaring. In fact, a believer is a mirror to another believer. Jonayd Baghdadi said: “The stories of our masters are an army of the glorified God’s armies to illuminate hearts of mystical travelers”. It is necessary to know that a mystical traveler must avoid following what has come in such books like dhikr, invocation and other orders except after talking with their master about it. The reason for that is because it will confuse him and make him distraught. As we say: A sick person has to get a prescription from a doctor, not from the professional medical books.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)
Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Forty-fifth Subject: The Prerequisites of Invocation for a Forty Day Period

1. A mystical traveler has to sit cross-legged and with ablution(wudu) facing Qibla (the direction towards Mecca).
2. He must make himself smell good and burn an incense.
3. He before starting the recitations of God’s name has set his way to contemplating and putting away all thoughts from his mind except God’s remembrance and he has preventing even good incoming thoughts except the meaning of invocation.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)                Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Forty-fourth Subject: Divine Law, Spiritual Way, and Truth

Divine law, the spiritual way, and truth are triple interconnected and cannot be separated for mystical travelers in the practice of spiritual wayfaring. Achieving the highest rank in the mysticism without adhering to the rules of divine law is impossible. Thus, the divine law’s scholars have a higher chance of success due to their practical regard for wayfaring and improvement in this important and perilous path. A mystical master dedicates himself to holy divine law and every very word that he utters to his disciples is based on principles of divine law. The reason is that the general principle in this path is that a mystical traveler by adapting all he does in accordance with the divine law will be a member of spiritual journeying and wayfaring. In other words, the way to attain truth in nearness to God and perfection is to follow the divine law and no other. Indeed, this principle is the criterion for mystical travelers who are in the correct spiritual wayfaring in comparison with other inner journeys. Therefore, everyone who does not agree with us in this base and belief has notice to this matter. it is true that one who studies religious science may not adhere to internal wayfarings but for one who wants to follow the proper inner journey it is necessary have adherence to the tenets of divine law. If one fails to adhere to the tenets of divine law he has deviated from the correct path.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)Al-matalib al-solokieh