The Twenty-first Subject: The General and Special Master

If a mystical traveler has some general moral masters it does not harm them, specifically if they are at the first steps of the mystical journey. They do not have another choice before coming in the states of the practical mysticism except reading the complete course in the ethical science such as Jami’ al-Sa’adat book (The Collector of Felicities) is written by Allamah Naraqi (PBUH). A mystical traveler has to study it precisely with dedication and to practically and absolutely adapt it to their soul’s level. After it, they have to enter in the mystical field. In this case, if they want to understand the theoretical mysticism, no harm would be to them. Even they can participate in some wisdom studies of theology and philosophy. Those books that discuss theology and philosophy can be mentioned like: Bidayah al-Hikmah and Nihayat al-Hikmah is written by Allamah Tabatabai, Manzumah (“A Treatise on Logic in Verse”) is written by Mulla Hadi Sabziwari and Al-Asfar al- Arba’ah is written by Mulla Sadra Shirazi and the other same books. Yes, if a mystical traveler makes sure about coming in the mystical journey, they do not have another way except meeting a perfect master who is reliable for them and we call him the special master. It is necessary they seek him and ask him from God in their individual prayers. Before attaining the master they have to follow that we said in the sixteen number. If they found the special master, it is necessary that they do not seek another one and always follow and practicing his approaches and guidance. Having several masters in the practical mysticism is harmful to a mystical traveler. it harms his life, time and it will not be useful for him. If a mystical traveler wants to perform the whole teaching, advice, invocations, recitations of God’s names which are in published books they would not get the useful result, though, the books are mystical and well-known. I strongly avoid who extract and using talismans, khatam al-azkar, the hijab prayers and other prayers from unreliable books with unknown author and the poor narration. It may be necessary to get rid of such books because a mystical traveler cannot benefit from them except it would result in his misery, calamity and inauspicious. It harms them to put trust in God and faith; it causes the soul to come into the darknesses, that is difficult to get out of.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)
Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Twentieth Subject: CONCEALMENT

Concealment is an important principle for the spiritual improvement of a mystical traveler, while knowing that nothing should be concealed from a mystical traveler’s master. A mystical traveler must not speak about their spirituality, dreams, disclosures, recitations of God’s names, nor express their religious devotion, long prostration and other related matters unless the master has given permission. A mystical traveler must be a secret keeper about everything they have shared with their master. It is said in Hadith, “Assist yourself in your affairs by concealing.”
Essential concealing is not attained except by practicing contemplation in yourself and perfect self-vigilance. Only then does a mystical traveller find that permanent concealing is an important factor to reform and complete their soul, and this is the foundation for understanding the hidden truth which is veiled when there is failure to conceal secrets.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)
Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Nineteenth Subject: Recitation Of God’s name.

The all-inclusive recitation of God’s names, as is used when asking God for forgiveness, or as it is used during invocations which send greetings to Prophet Muhammad and his household, does not require the permission of a master unless the number of invocations or requests for God’s forgiveness is great or if it is necessary to spend a forty-day period of seclusion to complete the recitation. The specific recitation of God’s names, that some are names of majesty and some others beauty, and causing cold or warm effects in soul of man, and have occulted appointed ones including angels, jinns and spirits, and recitations of God’s names which cause to happen a disclosure that a mystical traveler doesn’t know how to deal them, regarding both quantitative and qualitative have to completely under master’s volition and sovereignty and his cognizance and permission.
Not to mention, to be annihilation in master’s soul causes to benefit from the effusion of blessings and light from the master. The reason is the master considers his spiritual pupil ready for these effusions of blessings in his inner aspect and volition.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)
Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Eighteenth Subject: Patience at the Time of Calamity

Calamity is a blessing for a mystical traveler and patience in calamity is the best patience. The prophets and God’s saints were greeted to calamities with great pleasure. It is quoted that: “A slave as much as is closer to God he will get into calamities more and meanwhile, he as well, will be happier; as Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) was so, on ASHURA’s day. Despite the above-mentioned matters, a mystical traveler must not demand calamity instead of the blessing from God. A prayer has quoted from infallible Imams: ” O’ God, protect me from calamities and if you put a calamity upon me, make me patient, though, calamity and blessing are from you, however, I more prefer blessing and healthiness .”
It is cleared that an infallible Imam is not asking for calamity but a blessing and healthiness from the glorified God.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)
Al-matalib al-solokieh

Biography of Sayyed Hashem Haddad (The Spiritual Master of Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily)

Sayyed Hassan the grandfather of Sayyed Hashem Haddad departed from India to Karbala. Where he was born and died. He was a blacksmith (Haddad in Arabic means blacksmith or farrier) and he lived a poor life. He never asked anyone anything and even would share whatever he had with the needy. It has been said that he did not react to one of his relatives who wanted to disturb him and let him empty himself because he was able to control himself to not react in anger and this made him progressive in Irfan. Generally, he used to not talk a lot. He was interested in the poems of Bin Ibne Farid and read them. Poems of Bin Ibne Farid in love and monotheism are similar to poems of Hafez in Persian.

Haddad began his education in Karbala and went to Najaf to continue his education. He took a room in the Hindi school and it was there that he found Sayyed Ali Qadi Tabatabaei the most famous Shia mystic and associated with him for 28 years in Karbala and Najaf. He studied in Karbala and Najaf but he did not wear the dress of clergymen. Finally, He passed away in Karbala during the holy month of Ramadan 1984 and was buried in Wadi al-Safa Cemetery.

Biography of Ayatollah Hassan Komeily (The father of Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily)

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily was born in a spiritual family. His father was Hojat al-Islam Hassan Komeily who was born in Mashhad. Hassan Komeily became a cleric and he was famous for his Friday eve Suplication of Kumayl, which made people name him Komeily. As a result of a Policy by Reza Shah (secular king of Iran) to uniform Iranian clergymen, he was forced to migrate to Iraq and resided in the Najaf and Samarra. He continued his religious studies in reputable theology schools of both cities. Finally, he returned to Mashhad due to Saddam (the dictator of Iraq) pressures on Iranian citizens in Iraq. He passed away in 1977 and buried in Khajeh Rabie shrine in Mashhad where a big crowd specially clergymen attended his funeral ceremony.

Biography of Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily was born in 1941 during his father’s residence in the city of Samarra in the shadow of two holy shrines of Imam Hadi and Imam Hassan Askari (peace be upon them).

Due to knowledge and virtue of his father, he started reading and writing at the age of five. He officially began seminary religious courses at the Samarra Mirza Shirazi Theology School at the age of ten. Afterward, he moved to the most reputable and famous Shia seminary school in the city of Najaf where sacred shrine of first Shia Imam Ali (peace be upon him) is located. During his studies, he participated in the lectures of following Grand Ayatollahs:

-Ayatollah Mirza Ahmad Tabrizi (may Allah have mercy on him)

-Ayatollah Muhammad Davari Isfahani (may Allah have mercy on him)

-Ayatollah Mirza Ali Tabrizi Gharawi (may Allah have mercy on him)

-Ayatollah Hajji Sheikh Mujtaba Lankrani (may Allah have mercy on him)

-Grand Ayatollah Mirza Baqer Zanjani (may Allah have mercy on him)

-Imam Khomeini (may Allah have mercy on him)

-Grand Ayatollah Hajji Sayyed Abu-Al-Qasim Khoei (may Allah have mercy on him)

When he spent holy month of Ramadan in Lebanon for promotional mission of Shia Muslims in the Teminin al-Takta village, consequently, the people of the village signed a petition to the Grand Ayatollah Sayyed Mohsen Hakim (may Allah have mercy on him) in Najaf, requesting that they do not have a cleric in this area and demanded to assign him as a cleric for their town, thus Grand Ayatollah Hakim accepted.

He served about eight years in Lebanon which were coincided by Imam Musa Sadr. He continued his political and social activities in Lebanon and seven other foreign countries such as Egypt, Pakistan and other countries He migrated to Iran and settled in Qom in 1978, where he has been teaching in many schools and classes for men and women. He also wrote many articles and books and the most prominent area of his expertise is mysticism (Irfan). His teacher in the area of Irfan was Sayyed Hashem Haddad a mystic of 14th century and a great disciple and spiritual successor of Sayyed Ali Qadi the most famous Shia mystic.

The Seventeenth Subject: The Sessions of mystical travelers who are people of remembrance

Mystical travelers who put their hearts and focus solely on mystical knowledge are very effective in the attracting of divine assistant and divine blessing. The sessions need special reverence and courtesy. It is better to perform ablution and sit directly towards Qiblah in the position of tashahhud (the portion of salah). The session has to start with reflection and absolute silence and lasts for at least half an hour. After that, they have to read Quran for ten minutes. Then, they should recite some proper invocations for fifteen minutes. It is necessary that the contents of these invocations reflect the same state with a mystical traveler. This will quench the flame of their soul’s yearning (refers to intense passion toward God). It leads them towards absolute unification and ecstasy. Invocations like these can be mentioned: The Sha’baniyah Supplication, Khamsa ‘Ashar Supplications, Yastasheer Supplication, some chapters of Jawshan al-Kabir Supplication and other supplications like them.
It is observed that session concludes with a half an hour of talking by the master or his representative about one of the compiled practical mysticism books such as: “Manazil al-sairin” by Khwaja Abdullah Ansari or “Legha Allah” by Jawad Agha Malaki Tabrizi or “Lobo al-lobab” by (our brother) Allamah Tehrani and other similar books. In addition, the book “Al-matalib al-soloukieh” is an educational book as well. These sessions can either be in a fixed place or by rotation in the brothers’ houses. It is once a week with the presence of a master or someone who the master appointed. A mystical poem has a special role in the sessions like poems of Ibne Farid (in particular his Al-Ta’iyyah ode). Our Sir Seyyed Hashem Haddad used to croon this ode poem to himself and advised me to recite it. I have always memorized some of it and recite it to myself.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)
Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Sixteenth Subject: The Comrade of the Mystical Way

When a special master is not found, it is necessary for mystical travellers to benefit from a general master, and ask a faithful comrade for help in the love of God’s way in brotherhood with him.
The reason is a believer is a mirror for another believer. Two believers help each other to remove some of the obstacles and create the appropriate foundations. Furthermore, it is possible to get a help from reading moral and mystical books that have the right method and are easy to understand. Therefore, if God –Be He Glorified- find outs their truth of intention and purity of heart, he will accept their demands and deliver an honest guide to them in order to assist and lead them to salvation.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)
Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Fifteenth Subject: Following A Master

A human is required to meet a skillful doctor in their physical illnesses. When a doctor gives them a prescription, they take it to the pharmacy at once and follow it with neither a question or complaint.
In the same manner, a mystical traveler will undergo spiritual illnesses under the guidance of his spiritual master. It is necessary for a mystical traveler to follow what their master knows as correct and sensible. Otherwise, they would hinder their improvement by having uncertainties, questions, and complaints. By passing time and improving the practical mysticism levels, the traveler will come to understand that what has been done by their master was appropriate. This dynamic can be best represented by a story in the Quran of the prophet Moses and his master prophet Khidr.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)
Al-matalib al-solokieh