The Fiftieth subject: The memories of the master

In the final subject I would speak of some memories of the master who opened the door of mysticism to my heart in order to repay some of the rights that my master Seyyed Hâshim Haddâd (PBUH) has given me and also because this will be a way that mystical travelers can follow. He (PBUH) always was in an ecstatic absorption of God. He used to have nocturnal orisons of ritual prayer, reflection and invocation of God. He was kind and affectionate toward his spiritual disciples. He had forbearance and leniency with them and he considered them as his real children. When we prayed behind him it caused our souls to fly in the real sky of love and mysticism. He used to sit with us with humility. Sitting with him caused any sadness and sorrow in your heart to be changed to calmness, peace and stillness. He had a spiritual attraction and held sway in the souls of his spiritual disciples. No one knew him except those who knew mysticism. He had self-observation, a divine presence and a deep heavenly luminosity in the profound depths of his heart. His master Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Ghâzi (PBUH) told him “O Seyyed Hâshim! There will come a day on which groups of people from different parts of the world will kiss the threshold of your home.

The author says this fact happens these days and it is growing day by day, I myself when I had been ennobled to Karbala saw people who were asking for the address of his noble tomb which is in Wadi al-Salam cemetery and they were looking for the house of Haddâd (PBUH) which is actually located in the street of Abbas (PBUH) in the front of the town hall.

At the end of the texts I will recall my master with poems of Ibn Farid:

I watch your beauty in detail, so it is enjoyable my submission and servility to you in love.
And I miss your home where you are, and if you would not be, I would not appetite for the reminiscence of a residence.
How many nights I have passed enjoying life but the observer is alone.

And my regular drink was (spiritual)wine, and my beloved was my companion giving me cups of joy.
And I have achieved more than what I hoped for. O, how great it would be if this lasts for me.
He who does not know the meaning of love reproaches me, how it is possible to compare the states of he who is madly in love with another who is free from love.
So leave me alone with the one whom I love because the jelous one died and the observer became hidden in upon my arrival.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)
Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Forty-ninth subject: The tolerance for bother

Not only are good things a blessing for us; even bad things are a blessing too. For instance someone comes to bother you by swearing and bad-mouthing you, your heart will break and in this moment the divine address comes that “I (God) am present in broken hearts”. Therefore the one with the bad behavior caused you to become closer to God through invocation and supplication to God. Whereas you would have been angry towards someone who swore and bothered you but if you look into your luminous inside and conscience you will admit because of this event you have to be grateful for this blessing, and God likes those who are grateful. Although it does not mean we always have to accept oppression in all cases.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)Al-Matalib al-solokieh

The Forty-eighth Subject: The Contentment and Complaint

Firstly, we must know there is a difference between having approval for what it is done and being contented with the decree of God. So you, oh mystical traveler, may you be content in your heart with the decree of God but you may also ask the glorified God to solve what happens to you. Patience in God’s decree means one must prevent oneself from sharing his complaints with others but not telling God. Thus, we see which prophet Job (Ayyub, PBUH) says his complaints to God: O God! Indeed, adversity has touched me, and you are the Most Merciful of the merciful. God put Job (PBUH) in calamity in order that he turns towards God and asks him to eliminate his difficulties and pains. We also see the prophet Jacob (PBUH) that in the separation of his son Joseph (PBUH), says: I only complain of my suffering and my grief to God. If this act was opposite of the state of contentment and patience he never did it. It is said that one day a mystic did not have anything for removal his hunger so he cried. One who did not have such a mystic perception so blamed him: “Why are you crying?!” The mystic told him: ((God made me hungry in order that I cry and ask him for the removal of my hunger)).

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Forty-seven Subject: The fast way to change the soul’s states

Changing bad characters to good characters will happen by choosing the virtue exactly opposite of the vice for each one. In the same way which doctors sometimes follow this rule to treat their patients. For instance, for some bad characters the following can help; stinginess will be changed by generosity, anger by patience and bearing difficulties and stifling anger, cupidity by self-denial, gluttony by less eating and hunger, libido by abstinence and diligence, and other characters and states will be treated in the same way. Change in this way for a mystical traveler takes a long time and might not be changed completely from the root. Therefore the best and fastest way of changing is setting the dominance of divine love on your heart, building the fire of love (towards God), burning vices by constant self-observation and demanding the effusion of blessing and spiritual light. Like this, the purity of the heart and worshiping with the base of God divinity for a mystical traveler will happen; there will be nothing left except that which satisfies God and anything that is disapproved and abhorred by God will be purged from him.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Forty-sixth Subject: Reading Mystical Books

Indeed, using mystical books which are written in a proper way, and even those which have not complied properly, is useful for a mystical traveler who has the ability to distinguish between correct and wrongful ones. Especially, when he does not have a mystical master or when he is far away from his master. Specifically, in a state of the dominance of love or a state of contraction and grief. We will mention the benefits below.

1. It will cause the heart to be firm and the soul to be luminous, so it will increase the patience and determination of a mystical traveler. The glorified God uttered: And with each[story] We relate to you from the news of the messengers We make firm your heart.

2. Reading the words of mystics and talking about their states will increase the affection of a mystical traveler towards the saints and the righteous. Thus he will grow spiritually. By paying attention to the saying and narrating below, the importance of such friendship with God’s saints will be clear. Some mystics uttered: No nearness is closer than friendship and amicability and no distance is farther than enmity and antagonism. They said: Friendship is one of the two kinds of nearness(another one is kinship). Our sir Imam Sadiq(PBUH) uttered: The day-long friendship is considered a relationship,
the month-long friendship is considered a linkage, the year-long friendship is considered an affinity, and that kind of connection should not be broken up, indeed God will end His attention and connection with anybody who ends their affinity for someone.

3. Reading such books will allow a mystical traveler to acquire assistance for his soul from the spirits, narratives and the stories of mystics. It will open the inner knots of a mystical traveler. And it will give him spiritual composure after the difficulties and calamities he faced in the spiritual wayfaring. In fact, a believer is a mirror to another believer. Jonayd Baghdadi said: “The stories of our masters are an army of the glorified God’s armies to illuminate hearts of mystical travelers”. It is necessary to know that a mystical traveler must avoid following what has come in such books like dhikr, invocation and other orders except after talking with their master about it. The reason for that is because it will confuse him and make him distraught. As we say: A sick person has to get a prescription from a doctor, not from the professional medical books.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)
Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Forty-fifth Subject: The Prerequisites of Invocation for a Forty Day Period

1. A mystical traveler has to sit cross-legged and with ablution(wudu) facing Qibla (the direction towards Mecca).
2. He must make himself smell good and burn an incense.
3. He before starting the recitations of God’s name has set his way to contemplating and putting away all thoughts from his mind except God’s remembrance and he has preventing even good incoming thoughts except the meaning of invocation.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)                Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Forty-fourth Subject: Divine Law, Spiritual Way, and Truth

Divine law, the spiritual way, and truth are triple interconnected and cannot be separated for mystical travelers in the practice of spiritual wayfaring. Achieving the highest rank in the mysticism without adhering to the rules of divine law is impossible. Thus, the divine law’s scholars have a higher chance of success due to their practical regard for wayfaring and improvement in this important and perilous path. A mystical master dedicates himself to holy divine law and every very word that he utters to his disciples is based on principles of divine law. The reason is that the general principle in this path is that a mystical traveler by adapting all he does in accordance with the divine law will be a member of spiritual journeying and wayfaring. In other words, the way to attain truth in nearness to God and perfection is to follow the divine law and no other. Indeed, this principle is the criterion for mystical travelers who are in the correct spiritual wayfaring in comparison with other inner journeys. Therefore, everyone who does not agree with us in this base and belief has notice to this matter. it is true that one who studies religious science may not adhere to internal wayfarings but for one who wants to follow the proper inner journey it is necessary have adherence to the tenets of divine law. If one fails to adhere to the tenets of divine law he has deviated from the correct path.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Forty-third Subject: The Ultimate of Spiritual wayfaring

mystic once said that the goal (of spiritual wayfaring) is the self-knowledge which will be gradually achieved. Firstly, one must detach from the physical and sensory world, moving towards the imaginary realm (the intermediate suppressive world). Then, by way of regular contemplation, one will be able to achieve the shift from the imaginary realm towards the (spiritual) world of reality and witnessing. A novice mystical traveler at the beginning will reflect on death and its consequences until he will be capable to move to the second realm which is the intermediary world. Contemplation at this level is about the reality of the soul and the thoughts of a mystical traveler will be concentrated on his inward affairs. A mystical traveler must know that to reach the goal; attaining the station of monotheism, it is an internal, not external journey and he needs regular contemplation and reminding until this turns into a routine. It is in this state he will understand that, he has lived in the realm of imagination and delusion. He will remove imaginations and illusions by constantly contemplating. Through this order, his manner of thinking will be changed completely. He will understand that except for God, others are nothing and do not have the authenticity of the absolute being. With practice, this contemplation will become routine. So then, the reality of objects and his soul will be discovered and he will move from the theoretical knowledge to the real and (spiritual) visible practical level and in this state, he will acclaim “There is no-one at home(universe) but the Lord(God)”.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Forty-second Subject: The Signs of People on a Spiritual Journey.

A mystical traveler after a certain time on his spiritual journey may experience some signs that mark his state and stage:

1. A traveler will feel in reality of his entity self-observation and divine presence.

2. A traveler will be able to control his words and silence will become routine.  

3. His invocation with the tongue will convert to invocation with the heart after practicing and continuation in invocations, prayer, supplication and requests to holy people.

4. Veridical dream and sometimes divine inspiration, the unveiling and correct predictions will occur frequently in this state; he needs to be guided by a master.

5. A voyager’s eyes will open to the absolute unification of thought and heart.

6. A voyager will feel in his soul the state of a tendency to pray God in all daily works.

7. A voyager will enjoy seeing the natural world and all creations of the universe; because in them he will observe his true love.Therefore, in this state as a traveler who journeys in the earth he will comprehend monotheism from every living being that expresses it. 

8. A voyager will tend to read mystical poetry and if he has no talent for composing poetry, he will seek to read the mystical poems: the poetry books of Ibn Farid in Arabic and from Hafiz and Masnavi of Mowlana in Persian and others like them.

9. Spiritual contraction and openness will appear inside him.

10. A voyager will receive attractions from God and divine songs.

11. A voyager’s passion for God the exalted and prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and infallible Imams: especially Imam Ali (pbuh) and Imam Hussain (pbuh) and Imam Mahdi (pbuh) will grow.

12. A voyager’s soul will rise towards oneness of being and ecstatic absorption. And a voyager’s all-seeing eye will weaken, as will the habits of the mundane and the rote.

13. A voyager will do recommended deeds, not for divine reward and unveilings of inspiration and humble desires, but will correct his intention for his beloved (God) in every act of worship and good deed. And he will centralize in himself faithfulness and the negation of doubt and anxiety.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)Al-matalib al-solokieh

The Fortieth subject: General and public advises

Here I am advising all of travelers generally and the travelers associated with me particularly, to the underneath matters:

1. The traveler in way of reaching to his purpose, should pace on strongly and do not abandon his psyche without observation and do not let to doubtfulness to enter to his heart and mind.

2. The traveler should think about his soul and his essence and ways of identifying his soul deeply and think to this fact that the Gracious God is permanently with him and he should know that he is the owner of a valuable heavenly and divine treasure and achieving to this treasure is depended on him and is achieving by attending to inside. Considering this fact cause his enrichment and not paying attention to others or harkening to others. In a poem that is attributed to Imam ALI (peace be upon him) it is said that: O man, have you thought that you are a little and worthless, while the biggest world is hidden inside you? You are the luminous and clear book of the gracious God, in a way that by knowing the letters of this book the concealed mysteries of the higher world is discovering.

3. The traveler should not want and adopt anything less than meeting and joining to the merciful God and prefer God willing on his idle desires. The holly God in a sacred HADITH is said that: both you and me take a decision but do not occur anything other than what I wanted.

4. Tolerating oppression of the‌ humans lead to destroying the egoism and burnishing the spirit, therefore appreciate it.

5. Increase or decrease of the rosary should be only under supervision of the master not any others. Staying on this matter is for avoiding destruction of the positive effects of act of remembrance of merciful God.

Ayatollah Mohammad Saleh Komeily (God graciously preserves him.)Al-matalib al-solokieh